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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ultra-processed food consumption and excess weight among US adults

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Autor(es):
Juul, Filippa [1] ; Martinez-Steele, Euridice [2, 3] ; Parekh, Niyati [1, 4] ; Monteiro, Carlos A. [2, 3] ; Chang, Virginia W. [1, 4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] NYU, Coll Global Publ Hlth, 550 1St Ave, New York, NY 10012 - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, BR-03178200 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Epidemiol Studies Hlth & Nutr, BR-03178 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] NYU, Sch Med, New York, NY 10016 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION; v. 120, n. 1, p. 90-100, JUL 14 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Ultra-processed foods provide 58% of energy intake and 89% of added sugars in the American diet. Nevertheless, the association between ultra-processed foods and excess weight has not been investigated in a US sample. The present investigation therefore aims to examine the association between ultra-processed foods and excess weight in a nationally representative sample of US adults. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of anthropometric and dietary data from 15 977 adults (20-64 years) participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2014. Dietary data were collected by 24-h recall. Height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured. Foods were classified as ultraprocessed/non-ultra-processed according to the NOVA classification. Multivariable linear and logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between ultra-processed food consumption (% energy) and BMI, WC and odds of BMI >= 25 kg/m(2), BMI >= 30 kg/m(2) and abdominal obesity (men: WC >= 102 cm, women: WC >= 88cm). Prevalence of BMI >= 25 kg/m(2), BMI >= 30 kg/m(2) and abdominal obesity was 69.2, 36.1 and 53.0%, respectively. Consuming >= 74.2 v. >= 36.5% of total energy from ultra-processed foods was associated with 1.61 units higher BMI (95% CI 1.11, 2.10), 4.07 cm greater WC (95 % CI 2.94, 5.19) and 48, 53 and 62% higher odds of BMI >= 25 kg/m(2), BMI >= 30 kg/m(2) and abdominal obesity, respectively (OR 1.48; 95% CI 1.25, 1.76; OR 1.53; 95% CI 1.29, 1.81; OR 1.62; 95% CI 1.39, 1.89, respectively; Pfor trend < 0.001 for all). A significant interaction between being female and ultra-processed food consumption was found for BMI (F4,79 = 4.89, P = 0.002), WC (F-4,F-79 = 3.71, P = 0.008) and BMI >= 25 kg/m(2) (F-4,F-79 = 5.35, P < 0.001). As the first study in a US population, our findings support that higher consumption of ultra-processed food is associated with excess weight, and that the association is more pronounced among women. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/14900-9 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, perfil nutricional da dieta e obesidade em sete países
Beneficiário:Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático