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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Energy contribution of NOVA food groups and sociodemographic determinants of ultra-processed food consumption in the Mexican population

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Autor(es):
Marron-Ponce, Joaquin A. [1] ; Sanchez-Pimienta, Tania G. [1] ; da Costa Louzada, Maria Laura [2, 3] ; Batis, Carolina [4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Nutr & Hlth Res Ctr, Cuernavaca, Morelos - Mexico
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Nutr, Fac Saude Publ, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Nucleo Pesquisas Epidemiol Nutr & Saude, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Natl Inst Publ Hlth, CONACYT Nutr & Hlth Res Ctr, Univ 655, Cuernavaca 62100, Morelos - Mexico
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION; v. 21, n. 1, SI, p. 87-93, JAN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

ObjectiveTo identify the energy contributions of NOVA food groups in the Mexican diet and the associations between individual sociodemographic characteristics and the energy contribution of ultra-processed foods (UPF).DesignWe classified foods and beverages reported in a 24 h recall according to the NOVA food framework into: (i) unprocessed or minimally processed foods; (ii) processed culinary ingredients; (iii) processed foods; and (iv) UPF. We estimated the energy contribution of each food group and ran a multiple linear regression to identify the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and UPF energy contribution.SettingMexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012.SubjectsIndividuals 1 years old (n 10 087).ResultsUnprocessed or minimally processed foods had the highest dietary energy contribution (540 % of energy), followed by UPF (298 %), processed culinary ingredients (102 %) and processed foods (60 %). The energy contribution of UPF was higher in: pre-school-aged children v. other age groups (38 to 125 percentage points difference (pp)); urban areas v. rural (56 pp); the Central and North regions v. the South (27 and 84 pp, respectively); medium and high socio-economic status v. low (45 pp, in both); and with higher head of household educational level v. without education (34 to 78 pp).ConclusionsIn 2012, about 30 % of energy in the Mexican diet came from UPF. Our results showed that younger ages, urbanization, living in the North region, high socio-economic status and high head of household educational level are sociodemographic factors related to higher consumption of UPF in Mexico. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/14900-9 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, perfil nutricional da dieta e obesidade em sete países
Beneficiário:Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático