Busca avançada

(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

UV-resistant yeasts isolated from a high-altitude volcanic area on the Atacama Desert as eukaryotic models for astrobiology

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Pulschen, Andre A. [1] ; Rodrigues, Fabio [1] ; Duarte, Rubens T. D. [2] ; Araujo, Gabriel G. [3, 4] ; Santiago, Iara F. [5] ; Paulino-Lima, Ivan G. [6] ; Rosa, Carlos A. [5] ; Kato, Massuo J. [1] ; Pellizari, Vivian H. [7] ; Galante, Douglas [3, 4]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Chem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Microbiol Immunol & Parasitol Dept, Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Interun Grad Program Biotechnol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Brazilian Synchrotron Light Lab, BR-13083100 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Microbiol, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[6] NASA Ames Res Ctr, NASA Postdoctoral Program, Moffett Field, CA - USA
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MICROBIOLOGYOPEN; v. 4, n. 4, p. 574-588, AUG 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The Sairecabur volcano (5971 m), in the Atacama Desert, is a high-altitude extreme environment with high daily temperature variations, acidic soils, intense UV radiation, and low availability of water. Four different species of yeasts were isolated from this region using oligotrophic media, identified and characterized for their tolerance to extreme conditions. rRNA sequencing revealed high identity (>98%) to Cryptococcus friedmannii, Exophiala sp., Holtermanniella watticus, and Rhodosporidium toruloides. To our knowledge, this is the first report of these yeasts in the Atacama Desert. All isolates showed high resistance to UV-C, UV-B and environmental-UV radiation, capacity to grow at moderate saline media (0.75-2.25 mol/L NaCl) and at moderate to cold temperatures, being C. friedmannii and H. watticus able to grow in temperatures down to -6.5 degrees C. The presence of pigments, analyzed by Raman spectroscopy, correlated with UV resistance in some cases, but there is evidence that, on the natural environment, other molecular mechanisms may be as important as pigmentation, which has implications for the search of spectroscopic biosignatures on planetary surfaces. Due to the extreme tolerances of the isolated yeasts, these organisms represent interesting eukaryotic models for astrobiological purposes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/18936-0 - Aplicações de Espectroscopia Raman em paleobiologia e astrobiologia
Beneficiário:Setembrino Petri
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular