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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Food web characterization based on delta N-15 and delta C-13 reveals isotopic niche partitioning between fish and jellyfish in a relatively pristine ecosystem

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Nagata, Renato Mitsuo [1] ; Moreira, Marcelo Zacharias [2] ; Pimentel, Caio Ribeiro [3] ; Morandini, Andre Carrara [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, Lab Ecol Isotop, Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Dept Oceanog Biol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Marine Ecology Progress Series; v. 519, p. 13-27, JAN 20 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

Human-induced stresses on the marine environment seem to favor some jellyfish species to the detriment of other competitors such as planktivorous fishes. In pristine ecosystems, trophic relationships among these consumers are poorly understood. We determined stable carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures of representative consumers in the relatively pristine ecosystem of the Cananeia Estuary, Brazil, in order to understand the food web structure. We described isotopic niche breadth, position, and overlaps between fish and jellyfish (including comb jelly) species. Most of the delta C-13 values suggest that phytoplankton is the major carbon source, especially for pelagic consumers. Sessile benthic invertebrates had enriched delta C-13 values, suggesting a contribution of microphytobenthic algae. Seasonal variation of values was significant only for C-13, with different patterns for pelagic and benthic organisms. Isotopic niche breadth of some jellyfishes was wider than those of fish species of the same trophic group, possibly as a consequence of their broad diets. Isotopic niche overlaps of fish and jellyfish species were related to: (1) trophic diversity, since planktivorous species occupied niches distinct from macroinvertebrate/ fish feeders; and (2) life stages, since isotopic niche partitioning pattern can change during species ontogeny. Replacement of declining populations of fish by jellyfish competitors probably depends on the pool of other compensatory species, as well as on reproductive, growth, and feeding performance of other consumers. Description of isotopic niches provides a general picture of trophic roles, interactions and the degree of functional redundancy among species, allowing an evaluation of possible directions of community shifts resulting from the removal or proliferation of keystone consumers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/50174-7 - Sistemática, ciclo de vida e padrões reprodutivos de medusas (Cnidaria: Medusozoa: Cubozoa e Scyphozoa) na Baixada Santista (São Paulo, Brasil): biodiversidade marinha
Beneficiário:André Carrara Morandini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/00436-8 - Bases morfo-funcionais da alimentação e o papel trófico de Lychnorhiza lucerna (Scyphozoa, Rhizostomeae)
Beneficiário:Renato Mitsuo Nagata
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado