Busca avançada
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Defensive repertoire of the stingless bee Melipona flavolineata Friese (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Autor(es):
Nunes, T. M. [1] ; Von Zuben, L. G. [1] ; Costa, L. [2] ; Venturieri, G. C. [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Amazonia Oriental, Empresa Brasileira Pesquisa Agr, Belem, Para - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Sociobiology; v. 61, n. 4, p. 541-546, DEC 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Despite the loss of the sting apparatus, Meliponini (stingless) bees have not lost their ability to defend themselves. Several defensive strategies have been described for the group, including biting and resin deposition. Defensive behavior can be mediated by chemical communication, for example through the use of alarm pheromones. The Stingless bee species Melipona flavolineata Friese is an important species for meliponiculture in Brazil, especially in the Amazon region. In order to improve the current management methods for the species, this study aimed to describe the range of defensive strategies used by the stingless bee M. flavolineata towards inter and intraspecific chemical signals known to trigger defensive responses in related species, namely the head secretions of the robber bee Lestrimelitta limao (Smith) and the mandibular gland extract of conspecifics M. flavolineata workers. The stimuli provoked different defensive reactions. The head secretions of the robber bee repelled returning foragers, elicited the enclosing of the nest entrance tube with batumen balls and the agglomeration of workers outside the box. In contrast, the mandibular gland extract elicited aggression towards the pheromone deposition site, transport of resin and generalised agitated flights. Our results confirm the role of the mandibular gland as a source of alarm pheromone in this species and the chemical triggering of a specific defensive response to the known cleptoparasite L. limao. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/22991-3 - Feromônios de rainha em abelhas sem ferrão (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini)
Beneficiário:Túlio Marcos Nunes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado